Gramsci Bibliography: 2016

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Agustín, Óscar García, and Martin Bak Jørgensen, eds. Solidarity without Borders: Gramscian Perspectives on Migration and Civil Society. London: Pluto Press, 2016.

Solidarity without Borders examines the politics of migration at the ground-level, considering migrants not as an issue to be solved but as individual political agents, exploring the possibilities raised by alliances between migrants and trade unions, worker organizations, and other constituencies. Applying Gramsci’s theories of modern resistance and taking up the Gezi Park Protests in Turkey, social movements in Ireland, and the Lampedusan Libyan migrant group as case studies, Solidarity without Borders demonstrates how new solidarity relations are shaped and how these may construct a new common ground for developing political alternatives.

1: Óscar Garcia Agustín & Martin Bak Jørgensen: Solidarity Without Borders: Gramscian Perspectives On Migration And Civil Society Alliances

Part I: The Heterogeneity Of Political Actors
2: Ursula Apitzsch: Gramsci’s “Philosophy Of Praxis” And The Topic Of Migration
3: Nazl enses & K vanç Özcan: Countering Hegemony Through A Park
Chapter 4: Miguel Mellino: Gramsci In Slices – Race, Colonialism, Migration And The Postcolonial Gramsci

Part 2: Solidarity And Alliances
5: Derek Boothman: Political And Social Alliances: Gramsci And Today
6: Ronald Munck & Mary Hyland: Gramsci, Migrants And Trade Unions: An Irish Case Study
7: Laurence Cox: The Southern Question And The Irish Question: A Social Movement Perspective

Part 3: Avoiding Misplaced Alliances
8: Peter Mayo: Hegemony, Migration & Misplaced Alliances Lessons From Gramsci
9: Óscar García Agustín & Martin Bak Jørgensen: For The Sake Of Workers But Not Immigrants Workers? Social Dumping And Free Movement

Part 4: Spaces Of Resistance
10: David Featherstone: Politicising The Crisis: The Southern Question, Uneven Geographies And The Construction Of Solidarity
11: Lisa Kings, Aleksandra Ålund And Nazem Tahvilzadeh: Contesting Urban Management Regimes: The Rise Of Urban Justive Movements In Sweden
12: Susi Meret And Elisabetta Della Corte: Spaces Of Resistance And Re-Actuality Of Gramsci In Refugees’ Struggles For Rights: The ‘Lampedusa In Hamburg’ Between Exit And Voice

13: Óscar Garcia Agustín & Martin Bak Jørgensen: Against Pessimism – A Time And Space For Solidarity

Althusser, Louis. “A Letter from Louis Althusser on Gramsci’s Thought.” Trans. Warren Monta. Décalages 2.1 (2016).

Anderson, Perry. “The Heirs of Gramsci.” New Left Review II 100 (2016): 71–97.

Briziarelli, Marco, and Susana Martínez Guillem. Reviving Gramsci: Crisis, Communication, and Change. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Engaging debates within cultural studies, media and communication studies, and critical theory, this book addresses whether Gramscian thought continues to be relevant for social and cultural analysis, in particular when examining times of crisis and social change. The book is motivated by two intertwined but distinct purposes: first, to show the privileged and fruitful link between a "Gramscian Theory of Communication" and a "Communicative Theory of Gramsci;" second, to explore the ways in which such a Gramscian perspective can help us interpret and explain different forms of political activism in the twenty-first century, such as "Occupy" in the US, "Indignados" in Spain, or "Movimento Cinque Stelle" in Italy.

Buey, Francisco Fernández. Reading Gramsci. Trans. Nicholas Gray. Paperback. Haymarket, 2016.

Reading Gramsci is a collection of essays by Spain’s most famous Gramsci scholar, Francisco Fernández Buey, with a unifying theme: the enduring relevance of Gramsci’s political, philosophical and personal reflections for those who wish to understand and transform ‘the vast and terrible world’ of capital. Buey distils Gramsci’s intimate thinking on the relation between love and revolutionary engagement from Gramsci’s personal correspondence; he reveals how Gramsci draws on both Marxism and Machiavellianism in order to formulate his conception of politics as a collective ethics; he retraces the trajectory of Gramsci’s thinking in the Prison Notebooks, and elucidates Gramsci’s reflections on the relation between language and politics.Reading Gramsci is of considerable biographical and philosophical interest for scholars and partisans of communism alike.English translation of Leyendo a Gramsci, published by El Viejo Topo in 2001Part of the Historical Materialism (HM) Book Series.

Carley, Robert. “Ideological Contention: Antonio Gramsci and the Connection Between Race and Social Movement Mobilization in Early Twentieth-Century Italy.” Sociological Focus 49.1 (2016): 28–43.

This article introduces the concept “ideological contention” into the study of social movements and demonstrates the concept through an analysis of the relationship between race and mobilization in modern national contexts. The analysis links the emergence of scientific racism to the period of large nation state consolidation and the development of liberal political ideologies across Western nations. The paper demonstrates that movement struggles within the context of a national ideological framework impact the organization, process of ideological elaboration, and strategic choices a movement makes. I explore how ideology organizes, coordinates, and mobilizes movement members in political processes through a study of Sardinian worker, peasant, and communist struggles in the context of a modernized and industrialized Italy (1917–1920). I argue that reevaluating the theoretical and empirical relationship between ideology and the frame perspective could strengthen analyses of social movement struggles.

Caruso, Loris. “Gramscis Political Thought and the Contemporary Crisis of Politics.” Thesis Eleven 136.1 (2016): 140–160.

In the context of the worsening economic crisis analogies tend to be drawn between the economic and political crisis in Europe of the 1920s and 1930s and the current situation. Now as then, it is argued, there is the risk that a systemic economic crisis and the crisis of representative politics will in turn lead to authoritarian outcomes. Rarer, however, is the idea that the current political and economic crisis may lead to a “progressive” outcome. This article examines both options under the light of the thinking of one of the most important interpreters of political crisis and change in the 1920s and 1930s: Antonio Gramsci. One of the central arguments in Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks is the crisis of parliamentarism and democratic politics. Gramsci did not limit his analysis to the crisis however. His theoretical undertaking also consisted in the attempt to imagine the conditions for moving beyond the democratic crisis in a progressive manner. What emerges is an existing continuity between the Gramscian categories of Cesarism-Bonapartism, economic-corporative State, hegemonic crisis and contemporary politics, particularly with reference to phenomena such as populism, technocracy and neo-liberalism; the utility of the conceptual category of Passive Revolution to comprehend the current forms of exerting power and building social consent; the potential fruitfulness of Gramsci’s schemata on counter-hegemonies, to understand the changes in the party-organization and the possibilities of building counter-hegemonies.

Cospito, Giuseppe. The Rhythm of Thought in Gramsci: A Diachronic Interpretation of Prison Notebooks. Lam edition. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2016.

Many scholars have recently shown great interest in a diachronic re-examination of Antonio Gramsci s main theoretical-political categories in the Prison Notebooks. This method would uncover the origins and development of Gramsci s concepts using the same method that Gramsci himself believed would allow us to grasp the rhythm of thought in Marx. The present work embraces this perspective and puts it to work in two ways. Its first part analyzes the relation between structure and superstructure and the concepts of hegemony and the regulated society. Its second part extends the diachronic analysis to the conceptual pairings which represent alternatives to structure-superstructure, encompassing questions of political and cultural organisation as well as the relation between Gramsci and the major proponents of historical materialism (Marx, Engels, Lenin). English translation of Il ritmo del pensiero: per una lettura diacronica dei -Quaderni del carcere- di Gramsci published by Bibliopolis, Naples (2011).

Crehan, Kate. Gramsci’s Common Sense: Inequality and Its Narratives. Durham: Duke University Press Books, 2016.

Acknowledged as one of the classics of twentieth-century Marxism, Antonio Gramsci's Prison Notebooks contains a rich and nuanced theorization of class that provides insights that extend far beyond economic inequality. In Gramsci's Common Sense Kate Crehan offers new ways to understand the many forms that structural inequality can take, including in regards to race, gender, sexual orientation, and religion. Presupposing no previous knowledge of Gramsci on the part of the reader, she introduces the Prison Notebooks and provides an overview of Gramsci’s notions of subalternity, intellectuals, and common sense, putting them in relation to the work of thinkers such as Bourdieu, Arendt, Spivak, and Said. In the case studies of the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street movements, Crehan theorizes the complex relationships between the experience of inequality, exploitation, and oppression, as well as the construction of political narratives. Gramsci's Common Sense is an accessible and concise introduction to a key Marxist thinker whose works illuminate the increasing inequality in the twenty-first century.

Davidson, Alistair. Antonio Gramsci: Towards an Intellectual Biography. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2016.

Many large Italian cities have a main thoroughfare via Gramsci, showing that the Communist leader has become part of Italy s national patrimony, while internationally, the interest in Gramsci s writings is second to none. As a consequence of this fame, Gramsci s heritage is claimed by rival groups: on the one hand by those who hope to establish his writings as sacred texts for their own policies and on the other by those who stress any differences with Lenin in order to prove Gramsci a rebel . A great merit of this biography is that it lifts the study of Gramsci away from the sterile debate about whether he was or was not a Leninist; another achievement of the author has been to integrate the circumstances of Gramsci s life the childhood in Sardinia, the politics of the left in the 1920s, the years of exile and prison with his developing political and philosophical ideas."

De Smet, Brecht. Gramsci on Tahrir: Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt. London: Pluto Press, 2016. ISBN: 978-0-7453-3557-5

Gramsci on Tahrir presents a close analysis of the complex dynamics of Egypt’s revolution and counter-revolution, showing how a Gramscian understanding of the revolutionary process can provide a powerful instrument for charting the possibilities for a truly emancipatory project in Egypt. Through Brecht de Smet’s application of Gramsci’s take on Caesarism, we can see how the current situation in Egypt demonstrates the ways that national histories and global power relations enable, define, and displace popular resistance and social transformation. A major contribution to the literature on Egypt and the Arab Spring, Gramsci on Tahrir carries important implications for radical political theory.

Egan, Daniel. The Dialectic of Position and Maneuver: Understanding Gramsci’s Military Metaphor. Boston: Brill Academic Pub, 2016. ISBN: 978-90-04-26873-9

In The Dialectic of Position and Maneuver, Daniel Egan examines the role that the military metaphors of war of position and war of maneuver play in Antonio Gramsci s social theory. The foundation for this analysis is the different ways in which Marxists have understood war and military strategy since the mid-nineteenth century. In doing so, Egan argues that the distinction between war of position and war of maneuver which is so central to Gramsci s work as well as contemporary interpretations of his work must be understood in a more dialectical manner. This conclusion is important not only in terms of Gramsci s social theory, but also for understanding the limits and possibilities of contemporary political strategies for the left worldwide."

Fonseca, Marco. Gramsci’s Critique of Civil Society: Towards a New Concept of Hegemony. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Antonio Gramsci was an Italian Marxist thinker whose radical ideas on how to build an alternative world from below remain vigorously relevant today. Gramsci’s philosophy of praxis critically dissects the institutions of modern liberal democracy to reveal what is perhaps its deepest secret: it is the most successful political system in modernity at preserving an objective condition of domination while transforming it into a subjective conviction of freedom. Based on a careful reading of Gramsci's The Prison Notebooks, Marco Fonseca shows hegemony as more than leadership of elites over subaltern majorities based on "consent". Following Gramsci’s critique of citizenship, civil society and democracy, including the current project of neoliberal "democracy promotion" particularly in the Global South, he discloses a hidden process of hegemony that generates the preconditions for consent and, thus, successful domination. As the struggles from Zapatismo to Chavismo and from the Arab Springs to Spain’s Podemos show, liberation is not possible without counter-hegemony. This book will be of interest to activist scholars engaged in the study of Marxism, Gramsci, political philosophy, and contemporary debates about the renewal of Marxist thought and the relevance of revolution and Communism for the twenty-first century.

Forgacs, David. “Gramsci undisabled.” Modern Italy 21.4 (2016): 345–360. Source.

Abstract: Most books by or about Antonio Gramsci reproduce on their covers the same studio photograph dating from the early 1920s. It is a head and shoulders portrait showing Gramsci with longish hair, dark coat buttoned at the neck, unsmiling and looking into the camera through wire-rimmed glasses. This was also the image of him most commonly displayed in Communist Party branches all over Italy from the late 1940s to 1991. Yet if we compare it with other extant photographs of Gramsci, as well as with those of other revolutionary leaders adopted as iconic in the communist movement, we can see it differs from the former and resembles the latter in several ways. The most striking difference is the erasure of any sign of Gramsci’s bodily impairment: the curvature of the spine and short stature resulting from the spinal tuberculosis he had as a child. The article examines the history of this photograph and the way it became adopted as the approved image of Gramsci and considers what was at stake in removing from official memory a condition of disability that was central to his own personal and political identity.

Frosini, Fabio. “Subalterns, Religion, and the Philosophy of Praxis in Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks.” Rethinking Marxism 28.3–4 (2016): 523–539.

The purpose of this essay is to reconstruct the relationship between subalterns, religion, and philosophy in Antonio Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks. With the birth of mass society—that is, with the entry onto the political scene of the popular masses, and above all of the peasantry—politics entered directly into relation with irrational passions bound up with the religious mentality, and hegemony was constructed not thanks to the institution of a “filter” for the passions (as was the parliament of “notables”) but through the mastering of those “passions” using forms of Caesarist and charismatic democracy. In Gramsci’s view, the political action of the subaltern classes had to confront this new form of hegemony by recognizing the value of the profound content of religious ideas (which always indicate the need for a unification of theory and practice) and by working on a “translation” of those ideas into the forms of self-organization and self-emancipation.

Gramsci, Jnr, Antonio. “My Grandfather.” New Left Review II 102 (2016): 68–75.

Grelle, Bruce. Antonio Gramsci and the Question of Religion: Ideology, Ethics, and Hegemony. Routledge, 2016.

Antonio Gramsci and the Question of Religion provides a new introduction to the thought of Gramsci through the prisms of religious studies and comparative ethics. Bruce Grelle shows that Gramsci’s key ideas – on hegemony, ideology, moral reformation, "traditional" and "organic" intellectuals – were formulated with simultaneous considerations of religion and politics. Identifying Gramsci’s particular brand of Marxism, Grelle offers an overview of Gramsci’s approach to religion and applies it to contemporary debates over the role of religion and morality in social order and social change. This book is ideal for students and scholars interested in Gramsci, religion, and comparative ethics.

Holliday, Shabnam J. “The Legacy of Subalternity and Gramsci’s National–popular: Populist Discourse in the Case of the Islamic Republic of Iran.” Third World Quarterly 0.0 (2016): 1–17.

Drawing on Laclau’s concept of populist discourse and Gramsci’s ‘national–popular collective will’, and using the case of Iran, this article puts forward the idea of the legacy of subalternity in the context of post-revolution governments. The concept of ‘national–popular collective will’ facilitates an understanding of how the popular subject is constructed and the meanings embedded in that process. It is argued that Islamic Republic elites articulate a populist discourse that constructs the ‘self’ (the Islamic Republic) as synonymous with ‘the people’. Embedded in this discursive construction is a legacy of subalternity that goes back to the 1979 Revolution’s populist discourse.

Jackson, Robert. “Subalternity and the Mummification of Culture in Gramsci’s ‘Prison Notebooks.’” International Gramsci Journal 2.1 (2016): 201–225.

Jackson, Robert. "On Bourdieu and Gramsci." Gramsciana, n. 2 (2016): 139-174.

The theoretical confrontations between Pierre Bourdieu and Antonio Gramsci staged by Michael Burawoy in Conversations with Bourdieu (2012) and in the journal Sociology (2012) make an important contribution to our understanding of the relationship between these thinkers. As part of his wider project of ‘Sociological Marxism’, Burawoy juxtaposes the historicity of Gramsci’s notion of hegemony with the durable nature of symbolic domination based on misrecognition in Bourdieu. While this contrast is illuminating, I argue that Burawoy’s portrayal of Gramsci primarily as a theorist of consent is limited, and suffers from a lack of engagement with Gramsci scholarship drawing on the critical edition of his writings. I consider some of the opportunities presented by wider articulations of Bourdieu’s work from a Marxist perspective, aiming to outline the terms within which a more sustained comparative study of Bourdieu and Gramsci might be attempted.

Kang, Kyong-Deok. “Gramsci and Althusser: The Theorists of Topography?” Décalages 2.1 (2016). [A part of the Décalages Dossier: Althusser-Gramsci].

Manders, Dean Wolfe. The Hegemony of Common Sense: Wisdom and Mystification in Everyday Life. Looking Up Press, 2016.

The Hegemony of Common Sense: Wisdom and Mystification in Everyday Life, is a path-breaking synthesis, a unique contribution to the study of class and consciousness. Here, Dean Wolfe Manders brings critical social theory to bear on the nature of links between American popular sayings, capitalist ideology, and the everyday lived dynamics of class domination. The agenda of this book is easily stated -- that reigning American "common sense" is amenable to sustained critique by means of inquiry into common sayings, proverbs, and other forms of everyday discourse. What Manders offers, in particular, is a "Gramscian" critique of common sense in which class is a central category.

Morera, Esteve. Gramsci, Materialism, and Philosophy. Paperback edition. New York: Routledge, 2016. [Link]

Western critical theory, Marxism included, has largely been based on a view of historical materialism that Gramsci, among others, developed in his prison notebooks. For many, Gramsci’s philosophical reflections in prison offered a new foundation for the philosophy of the future. His reflections on the philosophy of praxis and absolute historicism find echoes in much of what today is considered to be a materialist philosophy. That form of materialism was unable to provide a sound foundation for a progressive social project, the possibility of a meaningful and creative ethical life, and the forms of activity or praxis that would be conducive to creating good society. In this book, Esteve Morera connects Marxist philosophy to the broader philosophical discussion of materialism in metaphysics, the philosophy science, philosophy of mind, and naturalised ethics. Each chapter deals with a particular aspect related to materialism and its consequences, the sorts of things that, if materialism is true, need to be confronted. Morera critiques, and rejects Gramsci’s conception of matter and materialism and concludes that that philosophical materialism is compatible with freedom, and as a consequence, offers a good foundation for ethical life. Gramsci, Materialism, and Philosophy is an original contribution to the philosophically vital debates around the meaning, limitations, implications, and possibilities of philosophical materialism as it is a contribution to the critical literature on Gramsci.

Olsaretti, Alessandro. “From the Return to Labriola to the Anti-Croce.” Historical Materialism 24.4 (2016): 193–220.

Gramsci belonged in a tradition which stemmed from Antonio Labriola, not from Croce and idealist philosophy. This tradition saw Marxism as a philosophy of praxis, a new and original philosophy distinct from both idealism and materialism. Gramsci took his lead from Labriola but also further expanded upon the latter’s approach by seeking the fundamental concepts of the new philosophy in the Theses on Feuerbach. In particular, Gramsci recovered both the concept of praxis and the concept of human nature from the Theses. With the concept of human nature, he expanded even upon Marx’s formulation, by including the individual within it in a way that lays the foundation for modern social sciences based on the notion of the individual, which was, in Gramsci’s case, a socially-rich notion.

Patterson, Thomas C. “Too Much Common Sense, Not Enough Critical Thinking!” Dialectical Anthropology (2016): 1–8.

This paper explores two different views about common sense—those of Clifford Geertz and Antonio Gramsci. It examines their presuppositions, assesses their utility for archaeologists, and considers the implications of current common-sense explanations of the past. It points out that common sense is both historical. Yesterday’s common sense sometimes morphs into today’s good sense or scientific truth. Today’s common sense or scientific truth often becomes tomorrow’s false consciousness or folklore. Common sense is also relational. Groups with different positionalities in hierarchically organized societies may have widely divergent views about what is common sense. Finally, it raises the question of why particular “common sense” explanations of the present—buttressed with claims that they are rooted historically in a fixed, unchanging human nature and morality—are repeatedly resurrected by fundamentalists and conservatives in both hemispheres to justify political arguments and to reassert or impose or particular power relations.

Rehmann, Jan. “Bernie Sanders and the Hegemonic Crisis of Neoliberal Capitalism: What Next?” Socialism and Democracy 30.3 (2016): 1–11. 

Sotiris, Panagiotis. “The Laboratory of Philosophy. Gramsci and Althusser on Philosophy.” Décalages 2.1 (2016). [A part of the Décalages Dossier: Althusser-Gramsci].

Speer, Ross. “The Machiavellian Marxism of Althusser and Gramsci.” Décalages 2.1 (2016). [A part of the Décalages Dossier: Althusser-Gramsci].

Taramundi, Dolores Morondo. “Gender Machineries vs. Feminist Movements? Collective Political Subjectivity in the Time of Passive Revolution.” Gender and Education 28.3 (2016): 372–385.

The aim of this article is to pose some questions concerning kairos and feminist activism. In recent years state feminism in Spain has been presented as a ‘success story’ of legislative victories and policy programmes regarding women’ equality and equal opportunities. Only two years ago, feminist movements in Spain showed unexpected vitality in forcing the government to withdraw the intended reform of the abortion law. However, relations between state feminism and feminist movements in Spain are weak and ambivalent, and feminism in Spain, as in other parts of Europe, is said to be in crisis. I refer to ideas elaborated by Antonio Gramsci in order to identify possible barriers to the formation of relationships between state feminism and feminist movements that could impact favourably upon possibilities of collective political subjectivity and social transformation. Education plays a two-fold role in this argument. In its formal manifestations, it is a component of the institutional feminism that this article critiques, and as a series of informal pedagogical networks, education is understood here as entangled in the different expressions of feminist activism and can thus contribute significantly to the development of feminist aims.

Zene, Cosimo. “Inner Life, Politics, and the Secular: Is There a ‘Spirituality’ of Subalterns and Dalits? Notes on Gramsci and Ambedkar.” Rethinking Marxism 28.3–4 (2016): 540–562.

When discussing the plight of subaltern groups, scholars often underline the economic and material troubles suffered by “the poor” through the perpetration of unjust exploitation, unequal distribution of wealth, and more generally, their being subjected to abuse and violence. This narrative frequently includes the means put in place by subalterns to regain a share of power, but the idea of “inner life” or “spirituality” has hardly been considered as part of the process through which subalterns express their agency so as to attain recognition of their “full humanity.” A closer analysis of Gramsci’s Notebook 11 and other works, however, highlights the relevance of an innovative, transforming, and immanent “spirituality” that necessarily reflects the historical experience of subaltern groups. This is further emphasized by the writings and activity of the Dalit leader B. R. Ambedkar.


Mkrtchyan, Narek, and Ara Merjian, Smbat Hovhannisyan, eds. Gramsci's Circle of Humanity and Armenia, Yerevan: Printinfor, 2016.

The book is a collective monograph that presents remarkable relationships between Gramscianism and recognition of Armenian Genocide. The great idea of the book is to pay attention to Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci’s article “Armenia” published in 1916, and then to discuss it within the context of Gramsci’s theory of hegemony . So, the study proposes a thesis, according to which among the pivotal steps in the process of recognition of the Armenian Genocide is to make Armenia and Armenians recognizable by engaging them into Gramsci’s outlined “circle of humanity”.


None to report.


See Gramsci Project > Bibliografia. News of Italian publications should be sent to Michele Filippini.

Szabó, Tibor. Due teorici della politica a confronto: Machiavelli visto da Gramsci, in: The Exercise of Power. 500 Years after the Prince Was Written, (ed. by Sabon Dragulin and Florin Mitrea), Bucuresti, 2016. Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti, pp. 113-127.





None to report.


None to report.


Feyzullah Yilmaz has compiled a list of Turkish Gramsci publications at Neo-Gramsian Portal.

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