Pre-Prison Writings Index: Organized by Date

The table below includes 239 of Gramsci's pre-prison journalistic articles and letters that have been translated into English. The table is organized in sequential order by date.

Sort By: Date | Article Title | AGR | HPC | MP | PPW | SCW | SPW-1 | SPW-2 | SQ | SI | T1920

Article Title Date Source(s)
Oppressed and Oppressors 1-Nov-1910 HPC: 156-158, SPW-1: 3-5
The Futurists 20-May-1913 SCW: 46-49
Active and Operative Neutrality
(Active and Functional Neutrality)
31-Oct-1914 SPW-1:  6-9, HPC: 116-120,
(PPW: 3-7)
The Light Which Went Out 20-Nov-1915 HPC: 26-28
Socialism and Culture 29-Jan-1916 SPW-1: 10-13, PPW: 8-12, AGR: 56-59, HPC: 20-23
The Virtuous Press 16-Feb-1916 HPC: 93-94
Armenia 11-Mar-1916 HPC: 79-81
The South and the War 1-Apr-1916 HPC: 101-104
14 July 15-Jul-1916 SPW-1: 14
Schools of Labor 18-Jul-1916 AGR: 59-62
A Veterinary Surgeon On Film 4-Aug-1916 SPW-1: 15-16
Indifference 26-Aug-1916 SPW-1: 17-18
Theatre and Cinema 26-Aug-1916 SCW: 54-56
History 29-Aug-1916 PPW: 13-14, HPC: 69-70
Socialism and Cooperation 30-Oct-1916 PPW: 15-18
Remembering the History of the Cotton-Workers’ Struggle 9-Dec-1916 SPW-1: 19-24
Men or Machines? 24-Dec-1916 SPW-1:  25-27, AGR: 62-64, HPC: 33-35
The Popular University 29-Dec-1916 AGR: 64-67
Margins 11-Feb-1917 HPC: 40-43
Indifferents [sic] 11-Feb-1917 HPC: 64-66
Illiteracy 11-Feb-1917 AGR: 67-68, HPC: 28-29
Discipline 11-Feb-1917 AGR: 31-32, HPC: 49-50
Freedom and Discipline
(Discipline and Freedom)
11-Feb-1917 PPW: 26,
(HPC: 50)
Three Principles and Three Kinds of Political Order
(Three Principles, Three Orders)
11-Feb-1917 PPW: 19-25,
(HPC: 70-75)
Character 3-Mar-1917 HPC: 52-54
Morality and Standards (Ibsen’s A Doll’s House at the Carignano) 22-Mar-1917 SCW: 70-73
Pensaci, Giacomino! By Pirandello at the Alfieri 24-Mar-1917 SCW: 77-79
Liolà by Pirandello at the Alfieri 4-Apr-1917 SCW: 79-80
Non Amarmi Così! by Fraccaroli at the Carignano 18-Apr-1917 SCW: 73-74
Notes on the Russian Revolution 29-Apr-1917 SPW-1: 28-30, PPW: 31-34, HPC: 126-128
The Theatre Industry [i] 28-Jun-1917 SCW: 56-58
The Theatre Industry [ii] 4-Jul-1917 SCW: 58-61
The Chiarella Brothers Again 8-Jul-1917 SCW: 61-63
The Theatre Industry [iii] 17-Jul-1917 SCW: 63-65
The Russian Maximalists 28-Jul-1917 SPW-1: 31-33, HPC: 132-134
The Watchmaker 18-Aug-1917 HPC: 36-37
Continuation of Life 11-Sep-1917 SCW: 66-67
Socialism and Italy 22-Sep-1917 PPW: 27-30
Contrasts 3-Oct-1917 SCW: 67-68
Così è (se vi pare) by  Pirandello at the Carignano 5-Oct-1917 SCW: 81-82
Literature 24-Nov-1917 HPC: 23-26
Il Piacere dell’onestà by Pirandello at the Carignano 29-Nov-1917 SCW: 83-84
Intransigence-Tolerance: Intolerance-Compromise 8-Dec-1917 HPC: 57-59
Clarifying Ideas About Bourgeois Reformism 11-Dec-1917 HPC: 94-96
Why We Need a Cultural Association
(For a Cultural Association)
[Toward a Cultural Association]
18-Dec-1917 PPW: 35-38
(SCW: 20-23)
[HPC: 96-99]
Philanthropy, Good Will, and Organization 24-Dec-1917 SCW: 23-26, HPC: 43-45
The Revolution Against Capital 24-Dec-1917
Avanti!
5-Jan-1918
Il Grido del Popolo
SPW-1: 34-37, AGR: 32-36, PPW: 39-42, HPC: 123-126
Critical Criticism 12-Jan-1918 PPW: 43-46, HPC: 37-39
The Social Function of the Nationalist Party 26-Jan-1918 HPC: 104-106
The Constitutional Assembly and the Soviets 26-Jan-1918 HPC: 146
The Beard and the Band 5-Feb-1918 HPC: 86-87
Socialism and Economic Organization
(Economic Organization and Socialism)
9-Feb-1918 PPW: 47-49
(HPC: 88-89)
Socialism and Actualist Philosophy 9-Feb-1918 PPW: 50
A Single Language and Esperanto
(Universal Language and Esperanto)
16-Feb-1918 SCW: 26-31
(HPC: 29-33)
The Club of Moral Life 1-Mar-1918 PPW: 51-53
Wilson and the Russian Maximalists 2-Mar-1918 HPC: 129-131
Individualism and Collectivism 9-Mar-1918 HPC: 59-62
A Year of History 16-Mar-1918 HPC: 146-149
Republic and Proletariat in France 20-Apr-1918 HPC: 81-86
Your Heritage 1-May-1918 HPC: 12-15
Our Marx 4-May-1918 PPW: 54-58, AGR: 36-39, HPC: 9-12
Class Intransigence and Italian History 18-May-1918 SPW-1: 38-47, PPW: 59-69, AGR: 40-44
Cocaine 21-May-1918 PPW: 70-72
Culture and Class Struggle 25-May-1918 SCW: 31-34, HPC: 109-111
The Peasants and the State 6-Jun-1918 HPC: 75-79
Free Thought and Liberated Thought 15-Jun-1918 HPC: 54-57
Illusions Flourish 15-Jun-1918 HPC: 62-64
Toward an Understanding of the Russian Revolution 22-Jun-1918 HPC: 139-145
The Russian Utopia
(Utopia)
25-Jul-1918,
Avanti!
27-Jul-1918,
Il Grido del Popolo
SPW-1: 48-55, HPC: 149-155,
(AGR: 45-52)
Football and Scopone 27-Aug-1918 PPW: 73-74
Freedom First 31-Aug-1918 HPC: 50-51
Italian Democracy 7-Sep-1918 HPC: 115-116
The Italian Liberals 12-Sep-1918 HPC: 106-109
After the Congress 14-Sep-1918 HPC: 99-101
Lenin’s Work 14-Sep-1918 HPC: 134-139
Culture and Poetic Mysteries
(Mysteries of Poetry and Culture)
19-Oct-1918 PPW: 75-79;
(HPC: 16-19 )
Men, Ideas, Newspapers and Money 23-Oct-1918 PPW: 80-84
Our Obligation to be Strong 25-Nov-1918 SPW-1: 56-58
The Italian Catholics 22-Dec-1918 HPC: 111-115
Il Giuoco delle Parti by Pirandello at the Carignano 6-Feb-1919 SCW: 84-85
The Sovereignty of Law 1-Jun-1919 PPW: 87-90
The Price of History 7-Jun-1919 PPW: 91-95
The War in the Colonies 7-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 59-60; AGR: 112-113
The Revolutionary Tide 14-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 61
Communism and Art 14-Jun-1919 SCW: 37-38
Workers’ Democracy (with Palmiro Togliatti) 21-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 65-68; PPW: 96-100; AGR: 79-82; SI: 1-5
The Return to Freedom 26-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 69-72
The Problem of the School 27-Jun-1919 AGR: 68-70; SCW: 39-40
The State and Socialism 6/28-7/5/1919 PPW: 101-107
Emma Gramatica 1-Jul-1919 SCW: 68-70
The Conquest of the State 12-Jul-1919 SPW-1: 73-78; PPW:108-114; AGR: 83-88
Editorial from L’Ordine Nuovo 12-Jul-1919 MP: 20-21
Towards the Communist International 26-Jul-1919 SPW-1: 79-82
Workers and Peasants 2-Aug-1919 SPW-1: 83-87; AGR: 113-118
Electoralism 23-Aug-1919 SPW-1: 88
Editorial from L’Ordine Nuovo 23-Aug-1919 MP: 19-20
The Development of the Revolution 13-Sep-1919 SPW-1: 89-93
To the Workshop Delegates of the Fiat Centro and Brevetti Plants 13-Sep-1919 SPW-1: 94-97; AGR: 89-92
Unions and Councils 11-Oct-1919 SPW-1: 98-102; PPW: 115-120; AGR: 92-96; SI: 9-14
The Trade Unions and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat 25-Oct-1919 SPW-1: 103-108; PPW: 121-126
Syndicalism and the Councils 8-Nov-1919 SPW-1: 109-113; PPW: 127-131
Revolutionaries and the Elections 15-Nov-1919 SPW-1: 127-129
Out of the Dilemma 29-Nov-1919 PPW: 132-135
The Problem of Power 29-Nov-1919 SPW-1: 130-134
The Events of December 2-3 (with Palmiro Togliatti) 12/6-13/1919 SPW-1: 135-141
The Party and the Revolution 27-Dec-1919 SPW-1: 142-146; SI: 18-22
Workers and Peasants 3-Jan-1920 SPW-1: 147-149; SQ-95: 49-51; SQ-05: 68-72
La Ragione degli Altri by Pirandello at the Carignano 13-Jan-1920 SCW: 85-86
The Historical Role of the Cities 17-Jan-1919 SPW-1: 150-153; PPW: 136-140
First: Renew the Party 24-31-Jan-1920 SPW-1: 154-157
Action Programme of the Turin Socialist Section 24-31-Jan-1920 SPW-1: 158-161
The Italian State 7-Feb-1920 PPW: 141-145
The Instruments of Labor 14-Feb-1920 SPW-1: 162-166
The Drunken Soldier 18-Feb-1920 PPW: 146-150
The Factory Worker 21-Feb-1920 PPW: 151-154
Governing Party and Governing Class 28-Feb–6-Mar-1920 SPW-1: 167-172
Proletarian Unity 28-Feb–6-Mar-1920 SPW-1: 173-178
The Problem of Force (The Question of Force) 26-Mar-1920 SPW-1: 179-181; (SI: 27-29
Turin and Italy 3-Apr-1920 SPW-1: 182-184; T1920: 1-4
Address to the Anarchists 3-10-Apr-1920 SPW-1: 185-189; T1920: 5-12
The Strength of the Revolution 8-May-1920 T1920: 13-16
Superstition and Reality 8-May-1920 T1920: 17-25
Towards a Renewal of the Socialist Party 8-May-1920 SPW-1: 190-196; PPW: 155-162; SI: 29-36; T1920: 26-34
The Tasca Report and the Congress of the Turin Chamber of Labour 5-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 255-259
The Factory Council 5-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 260-264; PPW: 163-167; SI: 5-9
Unions and Councils 12-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 265-268; AGR: 92-96; SI: 14-18
Questions of Culture 14-Jun-1920 AGR: 70-72; SCW: 41-43
The Colonial Populations 26-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 301-304
Two Revolutions 3-Jul-1920 SPW-1: 305-309; PPW: 168-172; SI: 22-26
The Communist Groups 17-Jul-1920 PPW: 173-177
The Turn Factory Councils (The Turin Factory Councils Movement) 1-Jul-1920 T1920: 35-49; (SPW-1: 310-320)
Editorial: August 21, 1920 21-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 321-322
The Programme of L’Ordine Nuovo (Part I) 14-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 291-294; PPW: 178-182; MP: 22-24
The Programme of L’Ordine Nuovo (Part II) 28-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 294-298; PPW: 182-186; MP: 24-27
What do We Mean by Demagogy? 29-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 323-325
The Occupation 2-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 326-329
The Communist Party (Part I) 4-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 330-334; PPW: 187-192
The Communist Party (Part II) 9-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 334-339; PPW: 192-197
Red Sunday 5-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 340-343; PPW: 198-202; AGR: 96-100
Five Months Later 14-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 344-346
Political Capacity 24-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 347-349; AGR: 100-103; SI: 36-39
Editorial: 10/9/1920 9-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 350-351
Reaction 17-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 352-355
Predictions 19-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 356-359
Anfisa by Andreyev at the Carignano 14-Nov-1920 SCW: 75-77
What is Reaction? 24-Nov-1920 SPW-1: 360-362
Split or Ruin? 11-18-Dec-1920 SPW-1: 363-365
Editorial: 12/24/1920 24-Dec-1920 SPW-1: 366-367
The Workers’ State 1-Jan-1921 SPW-1: 368-371
The Monkey People 2-Jan-1921 SPW-1: 372-374
Marinetti the Revolutionary? 5-Jan-1921 AGR: 73-75; SCW: 49-51
Russia and the International 9-Jan-1921 PPW: 205-208
The Livorno Congress 13-Jan-1921 SPW-1: 375-377; PPW: 209-212; AGR: 118-121
Caporetto and Vittorio Veneto 28-Jan-1921 SPW-2: 3-4
War is War 31-Jan-1921 SPW-2: 5-9
Workers’ Control 10-Feb-1921 SPW-2: 10-11
The General Federation of Labor 25-Feb-1921 SPW-2: 12-14
Real Dialectics 3-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 15-16
Officialdom 4-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 17-19
Unions and Councils 5-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 20-22
Italy and Spain 11-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 23-24
Socialists and Communists 12-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 25-26
England and Russia 18-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 27-28
The Italian Parliament 24-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 29-31
The Communists and the Elections 12-Apr-1921 SPW-2: 32-34
The Elections and Freedom 21-Apr-1921 SPW-2: 35-37
Elemental Forces 26-Apr-1921 SPW-2: 38-40
Party Art 8-May-1921 SCW: 44-46
The Old Order in Turin 18-May-1921 SPW-2: 41-43
Socialists and Fascists 11-Jun-1921 SPW-2: 44-45; PPW: 213-215
Reactionary Subversiveness 22-Jun-1921 SPW-2: 46-47
Referendum 29-Jun-1921 SPW-2: 48-51
Why the Bourgeoisie Can No Longer Govern the Country 2-Jul-1921 PPW: 216-218
Leaders and Masses 3-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 52-53
Bonomi 5-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 54-55
The “Arditi del Popolo” 15-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 56-58
The Development of Fascism 21-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 59-60
La Stampa and the Fascists 24-Jul-1921 PPW: 219-222
Moral Problems and the Class Struggle 7-Aug-1921 PPW: 223-226
Against Terror 19-Aug-1921 SPW-2: 61-62
The Two Fascisms 25-Aug-1921 SPW-2: 63-65; PPW: 227-229
Legality 28-Aug-1921 PPW: 230-233
The Agrarian Struggle in Italy 31-Aug-1921 SPW-2: 66-67
April and September 1920 7-Sep-1921 PPW: 234-236
Those Mainly Responsible 20-Sep-1921 SPW-2: 68-70; AGR: 103-106
Parties and Masses 25-Sep-1921 SPW-2: 71-74; AGR: 121-125
Masses and Leaders 30-Oct-1921 SPW-2: 75-78
The Mainstay of the State 13-Nov-1921 PPW: 237-239
One Year 5-Jan-1922 SPW-2: 79-82
The Essence of the Crisis 5-Feb-1922 PPW: 240-243
The “Alleanza del Lavoro” 21-Feb-1922 SPW-2: 83-84
A Crisis within the Crisis 24-Feb-1922 SPW-2: 85-86
Interventions at Second (Rome) Congress of PCI (those attributed to Gramsci) 25&28-Mar-1922 SPW-2: 118-122
Report on the National Congress to the Turin Section (notes on Gramsci’s report) 6-Apr-1922 SPW-2: 123-125
Lessons 5-May-1922 SPW-2: 87-89
Letter to Trotsky on Italian Futurism 8-Sep-1922 PPW: 244-246; SCW: 52-54
Origins of Mussolini Cabinet 20-Nov-1922 SPW-2: 129-131
Gramsci to Togliatti [letter] 18-May-1923 SPW-2:  138-142
What the relations should be between the PCI and the Comintern [handwritten notes] 23-Jun-1923 SPW-2: 154-156; AGR: 125-127
Three Fragments by Gramsci 23-Jul-1923 SPW-2: 159-160
Gramsci to the Executive Committee of the PCI [letter] 12-Sep-1923 SPW-2: 161-163; SQ-95: 53-55; SQ-05: 73-76
Our Trade Union Strategy (Our Union Policy) 18-Oct-1923 SPW-2: 164-168; (PPW: 249-254)
What is to be Done? 1-Nov-2023 SPW-2: 169-172
Gramsci to Scoccimarro [letter] 5-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 173-176
Gramsci to Terracini [letter] 12-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 177-181
Gramsci to Togliatti [letter] 27-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 182-187
Gramsci to Leonetti [letter] 28-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 188-190
Gramsci to Togliatti, Terracini and others [letter] 9-Feb-1924 SPW-2: 191-203; AGR: 127-134
Editorial: March 1924 1-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 207-208
“Leader” 1-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 209-212
Against Pessimism 15-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 213-217; PPW: 255-259
The Mezzogiorno and Fascism 15-Mar-1924 PPW: 260-264
Gramsci to Togliatti, Scoccimarro, Leonetti, etc. [letter] 21-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 218-223
The Programme of L’Ordine Nuovo 1&15-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 224-228
Problems of Today and Tomorrow 1&15-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 229-236
Gramsci to Zino Zini [letter] 2-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 237-239
Gramsci to Togliatti, Scoccimarro, etc. [letter] 5-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 240-242
Gramsci’s Intervention at the Como Conference 29-May-1924 SPW-2: 250-254
The Italian Crisis (The Crisis of the Middle Classes) 1-Sep-1924,
L’Ordine Nuovo
26-Aug-1924,
L’Unità
SPW-2: 255-266; (AGR: 138-142)
Democracy and Fascism 1-Nov-1924 SPW-2: 267-272
The Fall of Fascism 15-Nov-1924 SPW-2: 273-275
Report to the Central Committee 6-Feb-1925 SPW-2: 276-284
The Party School 1-Apr-1925 PPW: 265-267
Introduction to the First Course of the Party School 1-Apr-1925 SPW-2: 285-292
The Internal Situation in our Party and the Tasks of the Forthcoming Congress 3-Jul-1925 SPW-2: 293-305
The Party Grows in Strength by Combating Anti-Leninist Deviations 5-Jul-1925 PPW: 268-275
Cell Organization and the World Congress 28-Jul-1925 PPW: 276-280
The Organizational Basis of the Party 15-Aug-1925 PPW: 281-287
Elements of the Situation 24-Nov-1925 SPW-2: 306-309
The Italian Situation and the Tasks of the PCI (Lyons Theses) [with Togliatti] 1-Jan-1926 SPW-2:  340-375; AGR: 142-164
The Party’s First Five Years 24-Feb-1926 SPW-2: 379-399
A Study of the Italian Situation 2-3-Aug-1926 SPW-2: 400-411; PPW: 288-300
The Soviet Union on the Path to Communism 7-Sep-1926 PPW: 301-305
The Peasants and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat 17-Sep-1926 SPW-2: 412-416
Once Again on the Organic Capacities of the Working Class 1-Oct-1926 SPW-2: 417-421; AGR: 106-109
We and the Republican Concentration 13-Oct-1926 SPW-2: 422-425
Letter to the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party
(On the Situation in the Bolshevik Party)
14-Oct-1926 PPW: 306-312; AGR: 164-171;
(SPW-2: 426-432)
Gramsci to Togliatti 26-Oct-1926 SPW-2: 437-440
Some Aspects of the Southern Question 1-Nov-1926 SPW-2: 441-462; PPW: 313-337; AGR: 171-185; MP: 28-51; SQ-95: 15-47; SQ-05: 27-67

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©2016 International Gramsci Society
Edited by Marcus E. Green
Last Revised: February 28, 2016