Pre-Prison Writings Index: Organized by Title

The table below includes 239 of Gramsci's pre-prison journalistic articles and letters that have been translated into English. The table is organized in alphabetical order by title.

Sort By: Date | Article Title | AGR | HPC | MP | PPW | SCW | SPW-1 | SPW-2 | SQ | SI | T1920

Article Title Date Source(s)
14 July 15-Jul-1916 SPW-1: 14
Action Programme of the Turin Socialist Section 24-31-Jan-1920 SPW-1: 158-161
Active and Operative Neutrality (Active and Functional Neutrality) 31-Oct-1914 SPW-1:  6-9, HPC: 116-120, (PPW: 3-7)
Address to the Anarchists 3-10-Apr-1920 SPW-1: 185-189; T1920: 5-12
After the Congress 14-Sep-1918 HPC: 99-101
Against Pessimism 15-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 213-217; PPW: 255-259
Against Terror 19-Aug-1921 SPW-2: 61-62
Agrarian Struggle in Italy, The 31-Aug-1921 SPW-2: 66-67
Alleanza del Lavoro, The 21-Feb-1922 SPW-2: 83-84
Anfisa by Andreyev at the Carignano 14-Nov-1920 SCW: 75-77
April and September 1920 7-Sep-1921 PPW: 234-236
Arditi del Popolo, The 15-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 56-58
Armenia 11-Mar-1916 HPC: 79-81
Beard and the Band, The 5-Feb-1918 HPC: 86-87
Bonomi 5-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 54-55
Caporetto and Vittorio Veneto 28-Jan-1921 SPW-2: 3-4
Cell Organization and the World Congress 28-Jul-1925 PPW: 276-280
Character 3-Mar-1917 HPC: 52-54
Chiarella Brothers Again, The 8-Jul-1917 SCW: 61-63
Clarifying Ideas About Bourgeois Reformism 11-Dec-1917 HPC: 94-96
Class Intransigence and Italian History 18-May-1918 SPW-1: 38-47, PPW: 59-69, AGR: 40-44
Club of Moral Life, The 1-Mar-1918 PPW: 51-53
Cocaine 21-May-1918 PPW: 70-72
Colonial Populations, The 26-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 301-304
Communism and Art 14-Jun-1919 SCW: 37-38
Communist Groups, The 17-Jul-1920 PPW: 173-177
Communist Party (Part I), The 4-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 330-334; PPW: 187-192
Communist Party (Part II), The 9-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 334-339; PPW: 192-197
Communists and the Elections, The 12-Apr-1921 SPW-2: 32-34
Conquest of the State, The 12-Jul-1919 SPW-1: 73-78; PPW:108-114; AGR: 83-88
Constitutional Assembly and the Soviets, The 26-Jan-1918 HPC: 146
Continuation of Life 11-Sep-1917 SCW: 66-67
Contrasts 3-Oct-1917 SCW: 67-68
Così è (se vi pare) by  Pirandello at the Carignano 5-Oct-1917 SCW: 81-82
Crisis within the Crisis, A 24-Feb-1922 SPW-2: 85-86
Critical Criticism 12-Jan-1918 PPW: 43-46, HPC: 37-39
Culture and Class Struggle 25-May-1918 SCW: 31-34, HPC: 109-111
Culture and Poetic Mysteries (Mysteries of Poetry and Culture) 19-Oct-1918 PPW: 75-79; (HPC: 16-19 )
Democracy and Fascism 1-Nov-1924 SPW-2: 267-272
Development of Fascism, The 21-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 59-60
Development of the Revolution, The 913/1919 SPW-1: 89-93
Discipline 11-Feb-1917 AGR: 31-32, HPC: 49-50
Drunken Soldier, The 18-Feb-1920 PPW: 146-150
Editorial from L’Ordine Nuovo 12-Jul-1919 MP: 20-21
Editorial from L’Ordine Nuovo 23-Aug-1919 MP: 19-20
Editorial: 10/9/1920 9-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 350-351
Editorial: 12/24/1920 24-Dec-1920 SPW-1: 366-367
Editorial: August 21, 1920 21-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 321-322
Editorial: March 1924 1-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 207-208
Elections and Freedom, The 21-Apr-1921 SPW-2: 35-37
Electoralism 23-Aug-1919 SPW-1: 88
Elemental Forces 26-Apr-1921 SPW-2: 38-40
Elements of the Situation 24-Nov-1925 SPW-2: 306-309
Emma Gramatica 1-Jul-1919 SCW: 68-70
England and Russia 18-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 27-28
Essence of the Crisis, The 5-Feb-1922 PPW: 240-243
Events of December 2-3 (in collaboration with Palmiro Togliatti), The 12/6-13/1919 SPW-1: 135-141
Factory Council, The 5-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 260-264; PPW: 163-167; SI: 5-9
Factory Worker, The 21-Feb-1920 PPW: 151-154
Fall of Fascism, The 15-Nov-1924 SPW-2: 273-275
First: Renew the Party 24-31-Jan-1920 SPW-1: 154-157
Five Months Later 14-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 344-346
Football and Scopone 27-Aug-1918 PPW: 73-74
Free Thought and Liberated Thought 15-Jun-1918 HPC: 54-57
Freedom and Discipline; (Discipline and Freedom) 11-Feb-1917 PPW: 26, (HPC: 50)
Freedom First 31-Aug-1918 HPC: 50-51
Futurists, The 20-May-1913 SCW: 46-49
General Federation of Labor, The 25-Feb-1921 SPW-2: 12-14
Governing Party and Governing Class 28-Feb–6-Mar-1920 SPW-1: 167-172
Gramsci to Leonetti [letter] 28-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 188-190
Gramsci to Scoccimarro [letter] 5-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 173-176
Gramsci to Terracini [letter] 12-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 177-181
Gramsci to the Executive Committee of the PCI [letter] 12-Sep-1923 SPW-2: 161-163; SQ-95: 53-55; SQ-05: 73-76
Gramsci to Togliatti 26-Oct-1926 SPW-2: 437-440
Gramsci to Togliatti [letter] 18-May-1923 SPW-2:  138-142
Gramsci to Togliatti [letter] 27-Jan-1924 SPW-2: 182-187
Gramsci to Togliatti, Scoccimarro, etc. [letter] 5-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 240-242
Gramsci to Togliatti, Scoccimarro, Leonetti, etc. [letter] 21-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 218-223
Gramsci to Togliatti, Terracini and others [letter] 9-Feb-1924 SPW-2: 191-203; AGR: 127-134
Gramsci to Zino Zini [letter] 2-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 237-239
Gramsci’s Intervention at the Como Conference 29-May-1924 SPW-2: 250-254
Historical Role of the Cities, The 17-Jan-1919 SPW-1: 150-153; PPW: 136-140
History 29-Aug-1916 PPW: 13-14, HPC: 69-70
Il Giuoco delle Parti by Pirandello at the Carignano 6-Feb-1919 SCW: 84-85
Il Piacere dell’onestà by Pirandello at the Carignano 29-Nov-1917 SCW: 83-84
Illiteracy 11-Feb-1917 AGR: 67-68, HPC: 28-29
Illusions Flourish 15-Jun-1918 HPC: 62-64
Indifference 26-Aug-1916 SPW-1: 17-18
Indifferents [sic] 11-Feb-1917 HPC: 64-66
Individualism and Collectivism 9-Mar-1918 HPC: 59-62
Instruments of Labor, The 14-Feb-1920 SPW-1: 162-166
Internal Situation in our Party and the Tasks of the Forthcoming Congress, The 3-Jul-1925 SPW-2: 293-305
Interventions at Second (Rome) Congress of PCI (those attributed to Gramsci) 25&28-Mar-1922 SPW-2: 118-122
Intransigence-Tolerance: Intolerance-Compromise 8-Dec-1917 HPC: 57-59
Introduction to the First Course of the Party School 1-Apr-1925 SPW-2: 285-292
Italian Catholics, The 22-Dec-1918 HPC: 111-115
Italian Crisis (The Crisis of the Middle Classes), The 1-Sep-1924 L’Ordine Nuovo
26-Aug-1924 L’Unità
SPW-2: 255-266; (AGR: 138-142)
Italian Democracy 7-Sep-1918 HPC: 115-116
Italian Liberals, The 12-Sep-1918 HPC: 106-109
Italian Parliament, The 24-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 29-31
Italian Situation and the Tasks of the PCI (Lyons Theses) [with Togliatti], The 1-Jan-1926 SPW-2:  340-375; AGR: 142-164
Italian State, The 7-Feb-1920 PPW: 141-145
Italy and Spain 11-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 23-24
La Ragione degli Altri by Pirandello at the Carignano 13-Jan-1920 SCW: 85-86
La Stampa and the Fascists 24-Jul-1921 PPW: 219-222
Leader 1-Mar-1924 SPW-2: 209-212
Leaders and Masses 3-Jul-1921 SPW-2: 52-53
Legality 28-Aug-1921 PPW: 230-233
Lenin’s Work 14-Sep-1918 HPC: 134-139
Lessons 5-May-1922 SPW-2: 87-89
Letter to the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party (On the Situation in the Bolshevik Party) 14-Oct-1926 PPW: 306-312; AGR: 164-171; (SPW-2: 426-432)
Letter to Trotsky on Italian Futurism 8-Sep-1922 PPW: 244-246; SCW: 52-54
Light Which Went Out, The 20-Nov-1915 HPC: 26-28
Liolà by Pirandello at the Alfieri 4-Apr-1917 SCW: 79-80
Literature 24-Nov-1917 HPC: 23-26
Livorno Congress, The 13-Jan-1921 SPW-1: 375-377; PPW: 209-212; AGR: 118-121
Mainstay of the State, The 13-Nov-1921 PPW: 237-239
Margins 11-Feb-1917 HPC: 40-43
Marinetti the Revolutionary? 5-Jan-1921 AGR: 73-75; SCW: 49-51
Masses and Leaders 30-Oct-1921 SPW-2: 75-78
Men or Machines? 24-Dec-1916 SPW-1:  25-27, AGR: 62-64, HPC: 33-35
Men, Ideas, Newspapers and Money 23-Oct-1918 PPW: 80-84
Mezzogiorno and Fascism, The 15-Mar-1924 PPW: 260-264
Monkey People, The 2-Jan-1921 SPW-1: 372-374
Moral Problems and the Class Struggle 7-Aug-1921 PPW: 223-226
Morality and Standards (Ibsen’s A Doll’s House at the Carignano) 22-Mar-1917 SCW: 70-73
Non Amarmi Così! by Fraccaroli at the Carignano 18-Apr-1917 SCW: 73-74
Notes on the Russian Revolution 29-Apr-1917 SPW-1: 28-30, PPW: 31-34, HPC: 126-128
Occupation, The 2-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 326-329
Officialdom 4-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 17-19
Old Order in Turin, The 18-May-1921 SPW-2: 41-43
Once Again on the Organic Capacities of the Working Class 1-Oct-1926 SPW-2: 417-421; AGR: 106-109
One Year 5-Jan-1922 SPW-2: 79-82
Oppressed and Oppressors 1-Nov-1910 HPC: 156-158, SPW-1: 3-5
Organizational Basis of the Party, The 15-Aug-1925 PPW: 281-287
Origins of Mussolini Cabinet 20-Nov-1922 SPW-2: 129-131
Our Marx 4-May-1918 PPW: 54-58, AGR: 36-39, HPC: 9-12
Our Obligation to be Strong 25-Nov-1918 SPW-1: 56-58
Our Trade Union Strategy (Our Union Policy) 18-Oct-1923 SPW-2: 164-168; (PPW: 249-254)
Out of the Dilemma 29-Nov-1919 PPW: 132-135
Parties and Masses 25-Sep-1921 SPW-2: 71-74; AGR: 121-125
Party and the Revolution, The 27-Dec-1919 SPW-1: 142-146; SI: 18-22
Party Art 8-May-1921 SCW: 44-46
Party Grows in Strength by Combating Anti-Leninist Deviations, The 5-Jul-1925 PPW: 268-275
Party School, The 1-Apr-1925 PPW: 265-267
Party’s First Five Years, The 24-Feb-1926 SPW-2: 379-399
Peasants and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, The 17-Sep-1926 SPW-2: 412-416
Peasants and the State, The 6-Jun-1918 HPC: 75-79
Pensaci, Giacomino! By Pirandello at the Alfieri 24-Mar-1917 SCW: 77-79
Philanthropy, Good Will, and Organization 24-Dec-1917 SCW: 23-26, HPC: 43-45
Political Capacity 24-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 347-349; AGR: 100-103; SI: 36-39
Popular University, The 29-Dec-1916 AGR: 64-67
Predictions 19-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 356-359
Price of History, The 7-Jun-1919 PPW: 91-95
Problem of Force (The Question of Force), The 26-Mar-1920 SPW-1: 179-181; (SI: 27-29
Problem of Power, The 29-Nov-1919 SPW-1: 130-134
Problem of the School, The 27-Jun-1919 AGR: 68-70; SCW: 39-40
Problems of Today and Tomorrow 1&15-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 229-236
Programme of L’Ordine Nuovo (Part I), The 14-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 291-294; PPW: 178-182; MP: 22-24
Programme of L’Ordine Nuovo (Part II), The 28-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 294-298; PPW: 182-186; MP: 24-27
Programme of L’Ordine Nuovo, The 1&15-Apr-1924 SPW-2: 224-228
Proletarian Unity 28-Feb–6-Mar-1920 SPW-1: 173-178
Questions of Culture 14-Jun-1920 AGR: 70-72; SCW: 41-43
Reaction 17-Oct-1920 SPW-1: 352-355
Reactionary Subversiveness 22-Jun-1921 SPW-2: 46-47
Real Dialectics 3-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 15-16
Red Sunday 5-Sep-1920 SPW-1: 340-343; PPW: 198-202; AGR: 96-100
Referendum 29-Jun-1921 SPW-2: 48-51
Remembering the History of the Cotton-Workers’ Struggle 9-Dec-1916 SPW-1: 19-24
Report on the National Congress to the Turin Section (notes on Gramsci’s report) 6-Apr-1922 SPW-2: 123-125
Report to the Central Committee 6-Feb-1925 SPW-2: 276-284
Republic and Proletariat in France 20-Apr-1918 HPC: 81-86
Return to Freedom, The 26-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 69-72
Revolution Against Capital, The 24-Dec-1917 Avanti!
Il Grido del Popolo
SPW-1: 34-37, AGR: 32-36, PPW: 39-42, HPC: 123-126
Revolutionaries and the Elections 15-Nov-1919 SPW-1: 127-129
Revolutionary Tide, The 14-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 61
Russia and the International 9-Jan-1921 PPW: 205-208
Russian Maximalists, The 28-Jul-1917 SPW-1: 31-33, HPC: 132-134
Russian Utopia, The; (Utopia) 25-Jul-1918
Il Grido del Popolo
SPW-1: 48-55, HPC: 149-155, (AGR: 45-52)
Schools of Labor 18-Jul-1916 AGR: 59-62
Single Language and Esperanto, A;   (Universal Language and Esperanto) 16-Feb-1918 SCW: 26-31, (HPC: 29-33)
Social Function of the Nationalist Party, The 26-Jan-1918 HPC: 104-106
Socialism and Actualist Philosophy 9-Feb-1918 PPW: 50
Socialism and Cooperation 30-Oct-1916 PPW: 15-18
Socialism and Culture 29-Jan-1916 SPW-1: 10-13, PPW: 8-12, AGR: 56-59, HPC: 20-23
Socialism and Economic Organization   (Economic Organization and Socialism) 9-Feb-1918 PPW: 47-49, (HPC: 88-89)
Socialism and Italy 22-Sep-1917 PPW: 27-30
Socialists and Communists 12-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 25-26
Socialists and Fascists 11-Jun-1921 SPW-2: 44-45; PPW: 213-215
Some Aspects of the Southern Question 1-Nov-1926 SPW-2: 441-462; PPW: 313-337; AGR: 171-185; MP: 28-51; SQ-95: 15-47; SQ-05: 27-67
South and the War, The 1-Apr-1916 HPC: 101-104
Sovereignty of Law, The 1-Jun-1919 PPW: 87-90
Soviet Union on the Path to Communism, The 7-Sep-1926 PPW: 301-305
Split or Ruin? 11-18-Dec-1920 SPW-1: 363-365
State and Socialism, The 6/28-7/5/1919 PPW: 101-107
Strength of the Revolution, The 8-May-1920 T1920: 13-16
Study of the Italian Situation, A 2-3-Aug-1926 SPW-2: 400-411; PPW: 288-300
Superstition and Reality 8-May-1920 T1920: 17-25
Syndicalism and the Councils 8-Nov-1919 SPW-1: 109-113; PPW: 127-131
Tasca Report and the Congress of the Turin Chamber of Labour, The 5-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 255-259
Theatre and Cinema 26-Aug-1916 SCW: 54-56
Theatre Industry [i], The 28-Jun-1917 SCW: 56-58
Theatre Industry [ii], The 4-Jul-1917 SCW: 58-61
Theatre Industry [iii], The 17-Jul-1917 SCW: 63-65
Those Mainly Responsible 20-Sep-1921 SPW-2: 68-70; AGR: 103-106
Three Fragments by Gramsci 23-Jul-1923 SPW-2: 159-160
Three Principles and Three Kinds of Political Order;   (Three Principles, Three Orders) 11-Feb-1917 PPW: 19-25, (HPC: 70-75)
To the Workshop Delegates of the Fiat Centro and Brevetti Plants 13-Sep-1919 SPW-1: 94-97; AGR: 89-92
Toward an Understanding of the Russian Revolution 22-Jun-1918 HPC: 139-145
Towards a Renewal of the Socialist Party 8-May-1920 SPW-1: 190-196; PPW: 155-162; SI: 29-36; T1920: 26-34
Towards the Communist International 26-Jul-1919 SPW-1: 79-82
Trade Unions and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, The 25-Oct-1919 SPW-1: 103-108; PPW: 121-126
Turin and Italy 3-Apr-1920 SPW-1: 182-184; T1920: 1-4
Turn Factory Councils (The Turin Factory Councils Movement), The 1-Jul-1920 T1920: 35-49; (SPW-1: 310-320)
Two Fascisms, The 25-Aug-1921 SPW-2: 63-65; PPW: 227-229
Two Revolutions 3-Jul-1920 SPW-1: 305-309; PPW: 168-172; SI: 22-26
Unions and Councils 11-Oct-1919 SPW-1: 98-102; PPW: 115-120; AGR: 92-96; SI: 9-14
Unions and Councils 12-Jun-1920 SPW-1: 265-268; AGR: 92-96; SI: 14-18
Unions and Councils 5-Mar-1921 SPW-2: 20-22
Veterinary Surgeon On Film, A 4-Aug-1916 SPW-1: 15-16
Virtuous Press, The 16-Feb-1916 HPC: 93-94
War in the Colonies, The 7-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 59-60; AGR: 112-113
War is War 31-Jan-1921 SPW-2: 5-9
Watchmaker, The 18-Aug-1917 HPC: 36-37
We and the Republican Concentration 13-Oct-1926 SPW-2: 422-425
What do We Mean by Demagogy? 29-Aug-1920 SPW-1: 323-325
What is Reaction? 24-Nov-1920 SPW-1: 360-362
What is to be Done? 1-Nov-2023 SPW-2: 169-172
What the relations should be between the PCI and the Comintern [handwritten notes] 23-Jun-1923 SPW-2: 154-156; AGR: 125-127
Why the Bourgeoisie Can No Longer Govern the Country 2-Jul-1921 PPW: 216-218
Why We Need a Cultural Association   (For a Cultural Association)  [Toward a Cultural Association] 18-Dec-1917 PPW: 35-38, (SCW: 20-23), [HPC: 96-99]
Wilson and the Russian Maximalists 2-Mar-1918 HPC: 129-131
Workers and Peasants 2-Aug-1919 SPW-1: 83-87; AGR: 113-118
Workers and Peasants 3-Jan-1920 SPW-1: 147-149; SQ-95: 49-51; SQ-05: 68-72
Workers’ Control 10-Feb-1921 SPW-2: 10-11
Workers’ Democracy (in collaboration with Palmiro Togliatti) 21-Jun-1919 SPW-1: 65-68; PPW: 96-100; AGR: 79-82; SI: 1-5
Workers’ State, The 1-Jan-1921 SPW-1: 368-371
Year of History, A 16-Mar-1918 HPC: 146-149
Your Heritage 1-May-1918 HPC: 12-15

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Edited by Marcus E. Green
Last Revised: June 27, 2019